The Italian economical capital Milan is not an exception and with its wide array of incubators and accelerators plays a vital role in the startup ecosystem of the country itself. Although incubators and accelerators are very similar, usually incubators have entrants who have not yet officially started a business or are at a very early stage whilst accelerators usually accept more so developed companies that can be accelerated and grown within the accelerator. This guide explains and identifies the structure of the startup incubators and accelerators segment in Milan and can assist to understand the different options when considering to potentially enter a startup incubator or accelerator in Milan.
Print Article Once your patent has been awarded you may still need additional capital to turn that patent into a business. Fortunately it is not as difficult to find investors as you may think. Equity crowdfunding is on the path to surpass venture capital as the preferred way for start-ups and small businesses to raise capital.
In a nutshell, equity crowdfunding is the sale of equity or debt in your business directly to investors using an online platform instead of a stock brokerage firm.
It is also less expensive than hiring one.
Although direct to investor funding over the internet has been around since the late s, it came of age with the JOBS Act in The offerings differ by how much money you can raise and from what type of investor you can raise it from.
There are two main benefits to an offering under Reg. The first is that you can solicit and obtain funds from any member of the general public including younger millennial investors. This might be a benefit to a company whose product is targeted to this audience, like a video game company or a company whose technology might interest younger consumers as opposed to baby-boomers.
There are specific listing requirements for these markets, but companies that go through this process then have access to mainstream capital markets.
Also if the company does well, the shares are liquid and can be sold by the insiders. The downside of Reg. A offerings is that they are time consuming and expensive. It can take 6 months or more for lawyers to prepare the paperwork and for the SEC to review, comment and approve an offering.
Legal and accounting fees alone can easily reach 6 figures. There is also an annual audit and given that you will likely have thousands of small investors; you will probably need at least one employee to deal with investor relations.
There is also the cost of finding those thousands of investors. There have been several successful Reg. The upfront marketing costs for an agency to design and execute a campaign to reach those investors can also be substantial. If you are using Reg.
On the lower end of the scale is Regulation Crowdfunding Reg. There is no SEC review process, just a filing. A the legal and marketing costs can add up. CF offering must be made on a crowdfunding portal website which in turn must be registered with the SEC.
At this time there are about 30 portals that have registered and some are better than others in terms of their visibility and reputation. Several specialize and only host offerings for companies involved in green energy or companies owned by women or minorities, etc.
Most companies find that the most cost-effective way for them to raise funds is Regulation D. D is an exemption from the registration requirements of the federal securities laws. That is much more than traditional public offerings or venture capital.
Traditionally these private placements were sold through stock brokerage firms and many still are. The firms and issuers were always limited to making these offerings only to people with whom they had a prior business relationship. The vast bulk of the money raised through equity crowdfunding is raised using Reg.
As a practical matter the cost of preparing the legal paperwork is usually less than with either Reg. Accredited investors are presumed to be more sophisticated and the amount of information that needs to be provided is usually less.
At the same time, they often ask more thorough questions before they invest. The company will have to designate a knowledgeable person to help investors who want to kick the tires. This substantially reduces the upfront marketing costs. In sum, a Reg.The document ‘EU funding opportunities for EU-OSHA stakeholders’ aims to provide information on funding in the EU with regard to occupational safety and health (OSH).
The guide will facilitate the identification of appropriate funding sources for EU-OSHA stakeholders. The Guide on EU funding for the tourism sector () provides information on sources of EU funding for the European tourism industry from both the private and public sector.
It focuses on practical questions, such as. 4 assessing forest governance: a practical guide to data collection, analysis, and use chapter 3.
planning for data collection 54 step 1: decide what aspects of governance to assess 55 step 2: identify potential sources of information Ariadne is a European peer-to-peer network of more than funders and philanthropists who support social change and human rights.
Ariadne helps those using private resources for public good achieve more together than they can alone by linking them to other funders and providing practical tools of .
Practical guide to eu funding opportunities for research and innovation. This same CD couldn t be red under windows. We have just published several new case studies on reverse engineering, web application development and software testing.
Practical guide to eu funding opportunities for research. Understand all of the costs involved for your studies. Find out more about your tuition fees, available scholarships and bursaries, funded studentships, undergraduate and postgraduate taught student finance, how to pay your fees and our top tips on managing your money.